Motorcycles, bikes

Street bikes are made for pavement, and can be divided into:
  • Standard ones, which have practically dissapeared, being treated as vintage bikes nowadays. They are also called naked bikes.
  • Cruisers - styled after America's 50ies bikes and largely defined by Harley Davidson. Riding position and overall comfort make them perfect for cruising the long, wide roads. Choppers are derivates of standard bikes, which were chopped to make them cruiser alike. Custom choppers industry is huge nowadays.
  • Sport bikes are made for speed, therefore the aerodynamic riding position. Emphasis is on acceleration, cornering, and braking.
  • Touring bikes, as the name conotates, these bikes are made for long distances and are equipped with large fule tanks, displacement bags, windscreens - everything to make a long journey comfortable.
  • Dual purpose bikes are made legal street machines with off road capabilities.
  • Mopeds, scooters - small city bikes, with tiny wheels, limited speed and upright riding position. Scooters are mostly used in crowded cities.

Off-road bikes can be divided into:
  • Motocross - specialy made for racing closed off road tracks with obstacles. All parts not needed for the track are removed (horn, lights, licence plate, silencers...)
  • Enduro - is a road legal motocross bike.
  • Rally bikes are upgraded enduro bikes, made for long rallies (Paris-Dakkar, for example).

Above types have many purpose specific variants (track racing, police bikes etc).

Largest bike manufacturers nowadays are Honda, Kawasaki, Yamaha, BMW, Ducati, KTM, Harley Davidson, Aprilia, Suzuki and many others.

Automotive and motorcycle industries are very different, yet similar since they share similar problems. Everything that can be said about cars goes for motorcycles too, but stretched to the extreme.
Safety is an issue with cars, even more with bikes. Helmet is a must have for any biker, regardless of the type of bike. Overall, biker's safety is way lower than that of a car driver. Motorcycle parts cost few times more than its auto equivalents. Motorcycle motor oil, for example, is much more expensive then car motor oil.